There are a number of NT disk defraggers on the market, including Winternals Defrag Manager. These tools are useful for performing a general defragmentation of disks, but while most files are defragmented on drives processed by these utilities, some files may not be.
In addition, it is difficult to ensure that particular files that are frequently used are defragmented - they may remain fragmented for reasons that are specific to the defragmentation algorithms used by the defragging product that has been applied. Finally, even if all files have been defragmented, subsequent changes to critical files could cause them to become fragmented.
Only by running an entire defrag operation can one hope that they might be defragmented again.
Contig is a single-file defragmenter which attempts to make files contiguous on disk. It is perfect for quickly optimizing files that are continuously becoming fragmented, or that you want to ensure are in as few fragments as possible.
Usage: contig [-v] [-a] [-q] [-s] [filename]
Use the -v switch to have Contig print out information about the file defrag operations that are performed. If you want to simply see how fragmented a file or files have become, use the -a switch to have Contig analyze fragmentation.
Use the -s switch to perform a recursive processing of subdirectories when you specify a filename with wildcards. For instance, to defragment all DLLs under c:winnt you could enter "contig -s c:winnt*.dll". The -q switch, which over-rides the -v switch, makes Contig run in "quiet" mode, where the only thing it prints during a defrag run is summary information.
To make a new file that is defragmented upon creation, use Contig like this:
Usage: contig [-v] [-n filename length]
Contig uses the native Windows NT defragmentation support that was introduced with NT 4.0 (see my documentation of the defrag APIs for more information). It first scans the disk collecting the locations and sizes of free areas. Then it determines where the file in question is located.
Next, Contig decides whether the file can be optimized, based on free areas and the number of fragments the file currently consists of. If the file can be optimized, it is moved into the free spaces of the disk.
What's New in This Release: [ read full changelog ]
· v1.7 has more detailed fragmentation analysis reporting, fixes a bug that enables creation of contiguous files larger than 8GB, and adds support for setting the valid data length on files to avoid zero-fill overhead.